Ghana Independence Day 6th March 2020.
In honor of the first sub-Saharan African nation to declare its independence from colonial rule, today we highlight Ghana’s 63rd Independence Day.
Announced at midnight on this day in 1957, Ghana’s freedom sparked a wave of decolonization throughout the African continent.
Much of what is now Ghana became part of the British Empire in 1874 and was renamed the “Gold Coast.” After over 70 years of colonial rule, the United Gold Coast Convention convened in 1947 to lay the groundwork for a successful independence movement.
Ghana’s 63rd Independence Anniversary, In Kumasi, Ghana 2020.
The new nation needed a new flag, and the pan-African colors of red, yellow, and green were selected, along with a prominent black star in the center, as depicted in the Doodle above. It was this star that earned the Ghanaian national football team the nickname, the “Black Stars.”From Tamale in the north to the capital Accra in the south, Ghanians celebrate their freedom with street parties and parades. Not only confined within Ghana’s borders, expanding Ghanaian communities around the world enjoy in the revelry, as well. Happy Independence Day, Ghana!
Transition To Independence.
In 1947, the newly formed United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) led by “The Big Six” called for “self-government within the shortest possible time” following the Gold Coast legislative election, 1946. Kwame Nkrumah was the first Prime Minister of Ghana and the first President of Ghana and formed the Convention People’s Party (CPP) with the motto “self-government now”.
Nkrumah won a majority in the Gold Coast legislative election, 1951 for the Gold Coast Legislative Assembly in 1952. Nkrumah was appointed leader of the Gold Coast’s government business. The Gold Coast region declared independence from the United Kingdom on 6 March 1957 and established the nation of Ghana.
On 6 March 1957 at 12 am. Nkrumah declared Ghana’s establishment and autonomy. On 1 July 1960, following the Ghanaian constitutional referendum and Ghanaian presidential election, Nkrumah declared Ghana as a republic as the first President of Ghana. 6 March is the nation’s Independence Day and 1 July is now celebrated as Republic Day.
At the time of independence Nkrumah declared, “My first objective is to abolish from Ghana poverty, ignorance, and disease. We shall measure our progress by the improvement in the health of our people; by the number of children in school, and by the quality of their education; by the availability of water and electricity in our towns and villages; and by the happiness which our people take in being able to manage their own affairs. The welfare of our people is our chief pride, and it is by this that the government will ask to be judged.”.
The flag of Ghana, consisting of the colours red, gold, green, and a black star, became the new flag in 1957 when Gold Coast gained its name Ghana. It was designed by Theodosia Salome Okoh; the red represents the blood that was shed towards independence, the gold represents the industrial minerals wealth of Ghana, the green symbolises the rich grasslands of Ghana, and the black star is the symbol of the Ghanaian people and African emancipation.
Nkrumah was the first African head of state to promote the concept of Pan-Africanism, which he had been introduced to during his studies at Lincoln University, Pennsylvania in the United States, at the time when Marcus Garvey was becoming famous for his “Back to Africa Movement”. Nkrumah merged the teachings of Marcus Garvey, Martin Luther King, Jr. and the naturalised Ghanaian scholar W. E. B. Du Bois into the formation of 1960s Ghana.
Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, as he became known, played an instrumental part in the founding of the Non-Aligned Movement, and in establishing the Kwame Nkrumah Ideological Institute to teach his ideologies of communism and socialism. His life achievements were recognised by Ghanaians during his centenary birthday celebration, and the day was instituted as a public holiday in Ghana (Founder’s Day).